Glossary of terms used on this site

There are 92 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
ISP

An institution that provides access to the Internet in some form, usually for money.

Java

Java is a popular programming language and runtime environment intended to run unchanged on most platforms.

Javascript

The common name for the language used primarily for scripting in web browsers. It is NOT related to Java. Use this tag for questions regarding ECMAScript and its dialects/ implementations: JavaScript, JScript, etc., excluding ActionScript.

JPEG

JPEG is most commonly mentioned as a format for image files. JPEG format is preferred to the GIF format for photographic images as opposed to line art or simple logo art.

jQuery

jQuery is a cross-browser Javascript library that provides abstractions for DOM traversal, event handling, animation, and Ajax interactions for rapid web development.

JSF

JSF is a model-view-presenter framework typically used to create web applications. Using the standard components and render kit, stateful HTML views can be defined using JSP or Facelets tags and wired to model data and application logic.

JSP

JSP (JavaServer Pages) is a Java based view technology running on the server machine which allows you to write template text in (the client side languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript and so on) and interact with backend Java code.

Keyword

A word or phrase that you type in when you are searching for information in the search engines.

Kilobyte

A thousand bytes. Actually, usually 1024 (2^10) bytes.

LAN

A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a building.

LOL

What does lol stand for? Laughing out loud, laugh out loud. It is a shorthand appended to a comment written in an online forum.

MAC address

Media Access Control address, given to a device in a network. It consists of a 48-bit hexadecimal number (12 characters). The address is normally assigned to a device, such as a network card, when it is manufactured

Megabyte

A million bytes. Actually, technically, 1024 kilobytes.

MIME

The standard for attaching non-text files to standard Internet mail messages. Non-text files include graphics, spreadsheets, formatted word-processor documents, sound files, etc.

An email program is said to be MIME Compliant if it can both send and receive files using the MIME standard.

When non-text files are sent using the MIME standard they are converted (encoded) into text - although the resulting text is not really readable.

Generally speaking the MIME standard is a way of specifying both the type of file being sent (e.g. a Quicktime™ video file), and the method that should be used to turn it back into its original form.

Besides email software, the MIME standard is also universally used by Web Servers to identify the files they are sending to Web Clients, in this way new file formats can be accommodated simply by updating the Browsers’ list of pairs of MIME-Types and appropriate software for handling each type.

Mirror

Generally speaking, “to mirror” is to maintain an exact copy of something. Probably the most common use of the term on the Internet refers to “mirror sites” which are web sites, or FTP sites that maintain exact copies of material originated at another location, usually in order to provide more widespread access to the resource.

Another common use of the term “mirror” refers to an arrangement where information is written to more than one hard disk simultaneously, so that if one disk fails, the computer keeps on working without losing anything.

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